FactGrid:Print publications data model

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The Print Publications data model is the basic instruction for

  • printed materials from single sheets to books
  • multi volume publications
  • periodical and serial publications

Individual copies of a book edition

  1. Instance of (P2) — Individual copy (Q3)
  2. Part of (P8) — state the edition etc.

Articles, advertisements etc. — published in a (self-standing) print publication

Individual articles published in a collective volume, journal or newspaper

You can open Items on any section of a publication — it might be an article in a journal or an advertisement in a news paper. State:

  1. instance of (P2) — print publication (Q20)
  2. type of publication (P144) — contribution to a publication (Q14238)
  3. published in (P64) — state here the publication in which this contribution appeared and qualify with page references
  4. genre standardised (P121) — to state what kind of contribution this is (article, advertisement, document...)

Archival documents published in books and journals

The model case is here:

The two properties to connect the Items and the publications are here again published in (P64) on the side of the document and publishes (P254) to make the respective statement on the publication.

Editions of books

Exemplary Items

A print publication of which you can buy single copies without having to buy further issues.

We are looking here at the entire edition — not at specific copies nor at "works" like "Robinson Crusoe" or the "Iliad" as they appear in various editions and translations. Ay new edition edition, even if of the same design as the previous, should make a new Item in this group. Each of these Items should have the following statements:

  1. instance of P2print publication (Q20)
  2. type of publication (P144) — book publication (Q10517)

External identifiers

If you are not interested in using the full load of bibliographic details in further searches, just state an external identifier into a data base that gives all further details. Good identifiers for early modern books are the ESTC, the VD catalogues, the STCN etc. Valuable general library identifiers are the PPN numbers or the ISBN.

Description, Segmentation, Collation

  1. Language (P18) — e.g. "German", "English"
  2. Format (P122) — "folio", "quarto" etc.
  3. height (P122) — see illustration
  4. Width (P60) — see illustration
  5. Depth, thickness (P61) — see illustration
  6. Number of pages/ leaves/ sheets (P107) — the quick statement, just the numeral of the total number and your unit ("sheet", "page", "leaf")
  7. Collation [string] (P577) — to copy a catalogue statement of the books segmentation
  8. Segmentation (P543) — if you are interested in the breakdown of the individual components from frontispiece, title page and preface to index
  9. Writing surface (P480) — "paper"


  1. author (P21) — state who actually wrote the object in question.[1]
  2. author as (misleadingly) stated (P20) — give the information that is actually stated.[2]
  3. probable identification (P120) — if you want to propose a specific identification. Set a note (P106) to state your reasons.
  4. contributor (P511) — e.g. an author who added an introduction
  5. Qualifier: contribution (P224) — to state specific contributions (e.g. introduction) to a compound work
  6. translated by (P24)
  7. edited by (P176) — if someone is offering a new presentation of the text
  8. commissioned by (P273) — for the person or institution who commissioned a work
  9. subscribers (P275) — to state people who subscribed e.g. on a book publication (complete lists should be rather generated and linked)
  10. Qualifier number of sets ordered (542) — to state the number of copies ordered in a subscription
  11. dedicatee (P391) — the person who is being offered the dedication
  12. place of publication (without fictitious information) (P241) — the place of publication to our best knowledge
  13. place of publication as misleadingly stated (P240) — e.g. "Cologne" or "Pampelune" in fictitious imprints
  14. Qualifier literal statement (P35) string input for the exact spelling
  15. date of publication according to imprint (P222) — The standard date as taken from a title page.
  16. precise date of publication (P96) — use this statement if you know the precise day, week or season of the publication
  17. Qualifier precision of date (P467) — to determination the exactness of the previous
  18. printed by (P207) — to name the company that printed a publication
  19. published by (P206) — the company or person that is known to have published the item
  20. publisher as misleadingly stated (P544) — e.g. Pierre Marteau, Cologne

To assess the responsibility of the publication

  1. Context information about (Property:P828) to state author, publishing enterprise, translator for further evaluation
  2. Qualifier Transparency (Property:P829) to state the transparency of the information with statements like Mentioned without obfuscation (Q221316) / Obviously a pseudonym (Q221317) / Misleading but plausible statement (Q221318) / Stated only halfway (Q402155)


See also the data model for prose fiction for its far more specific statements

  1. Type of work (standardised) (P121) — Use this property to organise works according to types of production
  2. Type of work (as stated) (P582) — to state a self-classification in the respective language
  3. Qualifier literal statement (P35) string input for an odd spelling.
  4. Target group (P573) — prospective audience, to note specific audiences addressed
  5. Topic (P243) — the central object of a work
  6. Genre/sujet (P576) — to note a tradition of works in which similar sujets are treated with the same techniques
  7. Events mentioned (P532) — to refer to Items that have a P2-event statement
  8. Begin of events reported (P45) — to date the beginning of a historical narrative
  9. End of events reported (P46) — to date the end of a historical narrative
  10. Persons mentioned (P33) — to state other persons mentioned in a text, for instance rivalling authors
  11. Things mentioned (P256) — use widely for everything mentioned except people
  12. Institutions mentioned (P232) — state institutions mentioned in a document
  13. Texts mentioned (P116) — to state open references to other texts
  14. Inter-textual allusions (P574) — to state implicit references to other texts; use P116 for other texts that are actually mentioned
  15. Quoting (P306) — to state text(s) that are quoted by the object in question
  16. Digest (P724) — use this to give a short digest of the text

Books with with various contributions

  1. instance of P2print publication (Q20)
  2. type of publication (P144) — book publication (Q10517)

Model case:

Books with several volumes

There are strictly speaking two sorts of multivolume publications: Those that actually sold in different volumes, which could be bought separately and those that came as a single object which one could only buy in one pack.

  • Treat volumes that could be bought separately as individual publications with an item for each volume.
  • Treat volumes that could only be bought in one set as segments of the publication.

Books that appear in a series

This is a frequent type of academic publication — a board of series editors accepts books to be published in their series (with the advantage of the series's prestige and its leverage on libraries that collect all the publications of this series)

Create an item for the series

  1. instance of P2print publication (Q20)
  2. type of publication (P144) — serial publication (Q14233)

State responsibilities as in the case of journals.

State on a book that is part of that series

  1. instance of P2print publication (Q20)
  2. type of publication (P144) — book publication (Q10517)
  3. type of publication (P144) — part of serial publication (Q14234)
  4. editor(s) (Property:P176) — the persons who collect the contributions and assume responsibility in the cooperation with the publisher

Treat the book otherwise as any other book.

Serial publications, periodicals

Newspapers, journals, term catalogues etc.

Separate between the newspaper or journal in its entire phase of existence (the topic of this section) and the specific instalment of a number in the series (treated under the headline Individual issues of a periodical|Individual issues of a periodical):

  1. instance of (P2) — print publication (Q20)
  2. instance of (P2) — e.g. journal (Q10538) or newspaper (Q173699)
  3. type of publication (P144)
  4. Periodical (Q14231, if the publication promised to appear in set intervals (even if these intervals have changed over the years or only a first issue appeared)
  5. Serial publication (Q14233), if the publication was just set to be continued without an end in sight like the "term catalogues" of the book trade, or a series of books published an academic context.
  6. publishing interval (P292 — e.g. weekly, every Friday (Q40452), create items as you need them and note them on P2 as "intervals"
  7. begin (P49) — to state the starting point of the enterprise
  8. end (P50) — to state the end date of the enterprise


See the previous section on book publications.

Four roles have to be kept apart, although they can also coincide - state the same name wherever they do:

  1. editor(s) (Property:P176) — the persons who collect the contributions and assume responsibility in the cooperation with the publisher
  2. Qualifier begin (49) — to state when the editorship started
  3. Qualifier end (50) — to state when the editorship ended
  4. team (Property:P178) — to name the team that is working under the guidance of the (chief) editor(s)
  5. Qualifier specific position (166) — to state individual roles in the team
  6. author (P21) — state who actually wrote the object in question (many early modern journals were the work of a single author)
  7. publisher (P206) — the company or companies that organised the printing and distribution of the organ

Individual issues of a periodical

The individual issue of a journal or newspaper stands on one level with the Edition of a book treated above. State:

  1. instance of (P2) — print publication (Q20)
  2. type of publication (P143) — installment of a periodical publication (Q14232)
  3. published in (P64) — to state the journal or newspaper or series in whose series the issue appeared


See again the previous section on book publications.

Description, Segmentation, Collation

See the respective section on book publications.


see above the section Articles, advertisements etc. — published in self standing print publications


Someone praising Homer's Iliad is usually not referring to a specific edition but to Homer's work (even if he or she never read the original). State

  1. instance of (P2) — "work" (Item:Q14239)
  2. type of work (P121) — "work in language" (Item:Q14239)
  3. primary source (P121) — to refer to earliest sources extant, e.g. a first documented edition or a manuscript

Use all the other statements you are using on documents and publications for information about dates, authors or content.

The property work (P590) is available to state the work context on the side of publications.

Publishing history

  1. originality of the item (P115) — e.g. "first edition", "new edition", "translation", "abridgement"
  2. first published (P578) — to refer to the edition on top of the stemma
  3. preceding in stemma (P233) — use conservatively to connect to preceding in genealogy or development
  4. Qualifier connection in stemma (P233) — to state what is creating a difference in the Item
  5. translation of (P63) — The work that was translated
  6. begin of composition (P39) — use this property if a document has been written over a longer period of time
  7. date of composition (P412) — use if a text for instance was composed far earlier than the copy extant
  8. continuation of (P6) — state the preceding volume
  9. continued by (P7) — state the next volume

Tracking copies

  1. holding institution (P329) — the library that has a copy which you can describe with particular sub statements:
  2. Qualifier shelf mark (P10)
  3. Qualifier exlibris (P413)
  4. Qualifier bookbinding by (P318)
  5. Qualifier with manuscript notes by (P352)

If there is no further copy extant

Proceed as you would have done with the real object (i.e. state tat it is an issue of a journal or a book publication) but add the following statements:

  1. instance of (P2) — lost object Q5
  2. Qualifier last holding archive of the lost object (P348) — to state the last institution that had the (missing) object.
  3. Qualifier cause of loss (P347) — e.g. "war damage"
  4. Qualifier indication the object existed (P52) — to indicate how we know the Item existed.

Subscription schemes

Reconstructing Libraries: Naming the owners of copies


  1. If your author uses an apparent pseudonym and you want to collect the information he gives about him or herself as a real human being, create an Item like "Unidentified author Adamantes (1716)", and state with P2 that he was a human being, P154, male, and so on.
  2. The property needs an Item-connection and we create Items for the various pseudonyms for that purpose.