FactGrid:Data model for manuscripts
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Data model for manuscripts
The purpose of this data model is to record as much descriptive data on manuscripts as possible as linked open data; this means in a standardized vocabulary. The project does not aim at making all data of the manuscript descriptions accessible in this form. In some cases, exchange standards are still missing, for example in the case of the quire structure of codices.
This data model is developed according the "DFG-Richtlinien Handschriftenkatalogisierung", chapter "Mittelalterliche Handschriften" [DFG].
The standard model for a medieval manuscript item is Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Broxbourne 84.3 (Item:Q195086)
The data model should allow a data import from different sources, including the most important database for medieval manuscripts in German Handschriftencensus [HSC], and the upcoming Handschriftenportal. An important standard for manuscript description is the TEI msdescription module [TEI]. The Property TEI ID Property:P535 connects FactGRidProperties with the TEI.
Label and Description
Every manuscript item should be labeled with "Place, Library, Shelfmark" [Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Broxbourne 84.3; München, Staatsbibliothek, Cgm 252 ] (Place and library names in language of home country; 4° = 4o)
Quickstatement: Len; Lde
The description is a statement on the textual content of the manuscript. It gives "Shelfmark; language and mediatype: information on content". Content = author and title or title/texttype (DFG: Sachtitel) or the topic of a multiple text manuscript (DFG: "sumarische Inhaltsbezeichnung (z.Bsp. kanonistische Sammelhandschrift)").
- Example: [MS Broxbourne 84.3; German manuscript: Geomancy – Astrology – Recipes for fire weapons (Büchsenmeisterbuch) – Prognostication – Wonder-Drug Recipes – 'Großes Planetenbuch']
Quickstatement: Den; Dde
Alias = "shelfmark" and (if available) "name of the manuscript"
- Example: [MS Broxbourne 84.3]
Every manuscript should be marked as manuscript (Item:Q15).
According to the format the manuscript is either a
- codex (Item:Q19) => for codices see FactGrid:Data_model_for_manuscripts#special_information_for_codices
- fragment (Item:Q230351)
- scroll Item:Q195242
- single sheet Item:Q164537
(There are more manuscript types for non-european manuscripts.)
If the manuscript is lost:
P2 is Item:Q5 (lost object)
- cause of loss (Property:P347)
- last holding archive of the lost object (Property:P348)
- Indication the object existed (Property:P52)
core information (DFG:Schlagzeile)
Following information should be provided for every manuscript
- holding institution (Property:P329), should be instance of Library (Item:Q11249)
- writing surface (Property:P480), might be parchment (Item:Q230350), paper (Item:Q164510)or other (DFG/HSC:Beschreibstoff)
- total number of folios/pages [collation] (Property:P107) (DFG:Blattzahl; HSC: Umfang)
- height (in mm, Property:P59) (DFG: first number in 'Format des Buchblocks'; HSC: first number in 'Blattgröße')
- width (in mm, Property:P60) (DFG: second number in 'Format des Buchblocks'; HSC: second number in 'Blattgröße')
- place of origin(Property:P95) (DFG: Entstehungsort; HSC: Entstehungsort/Schreibort)
- date (Property:P106), with qualifier Property:P155(DFG/HSC:Entstehungszeit)
- language (P18), should be instance of language (Q4) or dialect (Q245542) [for German Texts: both: language = German + dialect. List of German dialects: https://cryptpad.fr/sheet/#/2/sheet/edit/fvbjrdSagE2oNWwYWzxUFdeQ/]. PhiloBiblon does not include language information for manuscripts.
research projects that contributed to this data set (Property:P131) => instance of "FactGrid research statement" (Item:Q11295) with "begin date", "author", "online information" etc.
- owner Property:P126
- Part of the collection (Property:P123)
- Provenance (Property:P229)
- History of provenance (Property:P136)
- Property:P409 (Formed a set with) can be used to link to other manuscripts of the same collection (Überlieferungsverbund)
- online digitization (Property:P138)
- online transcript (Property:P69)
- online information (Property:P146)
- online catalogue (Property:P438)
- checklist for online resources of medieval German manuscripts
(#hier gibts doch schon was, auch ein Datenmodell?)
special information for codices
- instance of Property:P2 codex (Item:Q19).
Depending on the production of the codex, a codex is either a
- monomerous codex (Item:Q195260) = a manuscript containing a single codicological unit (Item:Q195167) = a manuscript containing one production unit
- composite (Item:Q195262) = a codex which contains two or more codicological units (Item:Q195167) = a manuscript containing several production unit
Depending on the number of texts in is every production unit (monomerouse codex or codicological unit) can be either a
- Single Text Manuscript (#new)
- Multiple Text Manuscript (#new)
A codex discissus (Item:Q256451) is a codex that was formerly bound together, but is now divided into several parts and kept as independent library units (codices or fragments).
materiality of codices
- materiality of bookbinding (Property:P916), could be combinations of wood (Item:Q230347), leather (Item:Q230348), parchment (Item:Q230350), paperboard (Item:Q230349), paper (Item:Q164510), etc.
- bookbinding by (Property:P318),
- bookbinding workshops (#new Item) can be companies (Item:Q21907) with proprietors (Property:P191) or individuals (Item:Q7).
- bookbinding workshops (#new Item) of 15th and 16th century Germany should be labeled according to the Einbanddatenbank (EBDB, https://www.hist-einband.de) and provide an EBDB ID (#new item) 
- bookbinding tools used (#new property)
- a "bookbinding tool" (#new Item) can be a "Streicheisen", a "blind stamp", "bookbinder stamp" (#new), a "bookbinder plate" (#new), "bookbinder roll" (#new), identified tools can have an EBDB ID 
section in a document
For every distinguishable 'section in a document' (a text, a music peace etc.) a separate item is created, instance of Item:Q10674.
Every section item should be labeled with "section: Place, Libary, Shelfmark, fol. 'X-Y'" [section: Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Broxbourne 84.3, fol. 1r-1v]
The section description gives the title of the work transmitted.
- Every section is part of Property:P8 the manuscript
- folio Property:P100 or or page(s) Property:P54
PhiloBiblon textual witness
- PhiloBiblon calls each of the sections of a manuscript a Textual Witness (Item:Q195274). It prefixes the Label with "MS" or "Ed.", depending on whether the witness is part of a manuscript or a print publication. It is part of Property:P8 the manuscript and an Instance of the work Property:P590. It differs in its treatment of Incipit and Excipit (Explicit) and does not include language information unless the language or dialect is different from the language of the Work Property:P590. See below
- The order number of the section in the manuscript is given with the property 'position in sequence' (P499)Property:P499.
- work Property:P590
PhiloBiblon: treatment of incipit Property:P70 and excipit Property:P602
The textual witness of a work can be divided into multiple sections (e.g., prologue, main text, epilogue) and can therefore have multiple paired Incipits and Excipits. In order to maintain the incipit/excipit pairing for each section of the textual witness, Segmentation [[Property:P543] is used with the appropriate Q# for the first value, e.g., Prologue. This is qualified by incipit Property:P70, Folio(s) [[Property:P100] for the location of the Incipit, excipit Property:P602, Folio(s) [[Property:P100] for the location of the Excipit. The process is repeated for each succeeding value. PhiloBiblon uses a near-paleographic transcription to capture medieval usage.
See exemplary item MS: Fernando. Historia de la traslación del glorioso cuerpo del bienaventurado san Millán, Madrid, RAH, Cod. 59, ff. 136va-139va (Item:Q393577).
- incipit Property:P70
- excipit Property:P602
- language and dialect Property:P18
- areas of knowledge addressed Property:P608
- genre/sujet (P576)
- online digitisation Property:P138
Property:P590 with the corresponding Item:Q14239
Every work is labled with a "author: title" or "title". (For medieval German text, the titles used in the Verfasserlexikon are used. Other titles used by scholars should be given as alias.)
description = genre statement
Property 'media type', could be 'text' (Q195273), ...
A work can be an instance of a genre Item:Q11207 (#LINK to 'list of genres') [or as property genre/sujet (P576)?]
- title (Property:P11) (For medieval German text, the titles used in the Verfasserlexikon are used. Other titles used by scholars should be given as alias.)
- author (Property:P21)
- author as (misleadingly) stated (Property:P20)
- incipit Property:P70 and excipit Property:P602, modernized, using Segmentation Property:P543
PhiloBiblon: Treatment of work
A work can be divided into multiple sections (e.g., prologue, main text, epilogue) and can therefore have multiple paired Incipits and Excipits. In order to maintain the incipit/excipit pairing for each section of the work, Segmentation [[Property:P543] is used with the appropriate Q# for the first value, e.g., Prologue. The process is repeated for each succeeding value. PhiloBiblon modernizes incipits and excipts in order to facilitate searching..
See exemplary item Fernando. Historia de la traslación del glorioso cuerpo del bienaventurado san Millán (Item:Q395559).
- place of origin
- language Property:P18
- GND ID
- genre/sujet (P576)
- areas of knowledge adressed (P608)
- edition (P???)
online information (Property:P146)
Field of Knowledge and Topic/Object of Discourse
- Property:P589 field of knowledge for (See also Property:P304 subjects studied at university, Property:P243 topic/ object of discourse/ theme, and Property:P422 Subject heading)
- topic (list of topics for historical literature of knowledge and practice: https://cryptpad.fr/sheet/#/2/sheet/edit/OoQUZfnwczgZ-LJMIXEHaKL+/) Gesamtliste: https://cryptpad.fr/sheet/#/2/sheet/edit/7XdCZDbNmeAxre6usJoTXETF/
All fields of knowledge should have a P2 + Q76109 statement, all topics a P2 + Q23455 information in order to allow an easy check of new fields and topics against already existing items.
certainty of data
Property:P155 is there to give the certainty of a statement
- list of possible statements: https://tinyurl.com/yjml4fzf
Date = P106
Precision of Date = Property:P467 (with a list of items to use with this property)
List of FactGRid properties for dates: https://tinyurl.com/yje9w5u5
Example for second half of the 14th century:"P106 $1375-00-00T00:00:00Z/7 P467 Q255217". Explanation: 1375 is not a precise date. In this format (/7) FactGrid displays it as "14th Century" with the "precision of date" (P467) "second half of the century" (Q255217). In a SPARQL-query and in a timeline the date will be shown as 1. January 1375.
P107 should be used to give the total number of folios/pages of a manuscript/codex
P577 can be used to give a collation string, e.g. "II + 523" (in this case P107 would be "525")
It should be noted that in Anglo-American descriptive bibliography "collation" refers to the physical make-up of the manuscript or printed book, i.e., the number of gatherings and the number of leaves in each gathering.
This is indicated by a formula, with the gatherings indicated by their signatures and the number of leaves by superscript numbers, e.g. a-d8 means that the manuscript (or printed edition) has 4 gatherings, signed a b c d, and each gathering has 8 leaves, for a total of 32 leaves in the book. Each gathering would be composed of 4 bifolios. By definition all gatherings must have an even number of leaves unless one has been deleted, either by accident or intentionally. In either case the loss should be indicated.
The classic description of the collation in this sense is Fredson Bowers, Principles of Bibliographic Description (1st ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1949. This is designed for printed books.
See also Philipp Gaskell. A new introduction to bibliography. New Castle (Del.), 1995
M. J. Pearce. A workbook of analytical and descriptive bibliography. London, 1970
Roger Laufer. Introduction à la textologie: vérification, établissement, édition des textes. Paris, 1972
A useful explanation on the web is Collation Formula https://manual.stcv.be/p/Collation_Formula
FactGrid Property:P704 Collation captures this information. However, in the default browser it is displayed as raw HTML data, with the tags, e.g. a-d<sup>8d</sup> . In order for it to be displayed properly it must be inserted into an Item_Talk page with the heading ==Collation== followed by the collation structure. The URL link to this Item_Talk page is then linked to the Item by use of Property:P817 Notes. See exemplary item Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional de España, MSS/7867 (Item:Q393564). --Charles Faulhaber (talk) 01:32, 22 February 2022 (CET)
Exact place = Property:P47 with Item.
Precision of localisation = Property:P425 with Item:Q23567 = near
- Michael Friedrich and Cosima Schwarke, Introduction – Manuscripts as Evolving Entities, in: Michael Friedrich and Cosima Schwarke (eds.), One-Volume Libraries: Composite and Multiple-Text Manuscripts (Studies in Manuscript Cultures 9), Berlin: De Gruyter 2016, p. 1–26, https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110496956-001.
- Johan Peter Gumbert, Codicologische eenheden – opzet voor een terminologie (Mededelingen van de Afdeling Letterkunde, NF 67,2), Amsterdam 2004.
- Johan Peter Gumbert, Codicological Units: Towards a Terminology for the Stratigraphy of the Non-Homogeneous Codex, in: Segno e Testo 2 (2004), S. 17–42.
- Johan Peter Gumbert, Zur Kodikologie und Katalographie der zusammengesetzten Handschrift, in: Edoardo Crisci, Marilena Maniaci und Pasquale Orsini (Hg.), La descrizione dei manoscritti: esperienze a confronto, Cassino 2010, S. 1–18.